Preferred Growing Method
Preferred Growing Conditions
Soil Temperature for Optimum Germination
Days to Germination
Days to Maturity
A plant that completes its entire life cycle (germinates, grows a plant, flowers, produces seed, dies) in one season. It may self-sow, thereby giving the impression of being perennial. Most annuals will flower 60 to 75 days from sowing.
An annual that does not need to be germinated indoors but can be sown direct into its growing position in the garden in spring and is tolerant of frost.
An annual that is frost tender and can be germinated indoors. Sowing direct or planting outdoors must not occur until all danger of frost has passed (also known as a Half-Hardy Annual).
A plant that completes its entire life cycle in two years - growing in the first, reproducing and dying in the second. Typically, but not always, producing flowers only in the second year.
A plant that can live for more than two years, surviving the winter and flowering each year from the second season. Perennials may flower within 90 days of sowing in their first season but will more typically flower in their second
A perennial that is frost-tolerant.
A perennial that is frost tender.
A plant that will survive frost.
A plant that will not survive frost.
Going to seed. Premature formation of a seed stalk, may be due to plant stress.
The formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for plants. Identifies the genus and species to which the plant belongs useful in distinguishing plants uniquely.
The seed leaves or first leaves that emerge from a germinated seed, different in form from the later true leaves.
The leaves that emerge after the cotyledons which are indicative of the true form
of the plant’s leaves.
Growth stopped by development of terminal flower buds. A dwarf/bush variety which sets fruit in a concentrated period.
Growth continuing indefinitely when leaf buds form at the tip of the growth. These varieties need to be staked and continue to set fruit until frost.
A variety that is older than two generations (50 years). Can also be referred to as “Heritage” and is always an open pollinated variety selected for garden performance (flavour, long harvest).
A plant resulting from a cross between two parent plants to give a genetically superior plant i.e. improved disease resistance, better vigour, more uniform harvest. Normally, seed saved from hybrids does not grow true to type.
F1 - The first generation of such a cross. Denoted in the name of the variety.
F2 - The second generation of such a cross etc.
Natural cross between plants of the same variety. Refers to non-hybrid seeds or plants.
Basic nutrient needs of plants:
(N) - for green growth, healthy soil and microbial activity
(P) - for flower, fruit and seed production; vigorous roots and disease resistance
(K) - essential for building plant tissue (important for young plants) and the
quality and size of fruit.
pH A measurement for the acidity/alkalinity of soil, needed for nutrientavailability and microbial activity.
Thepractice of scratching or notching the seed coat to assist germination. Usually
applies to hard coated seed.
Chilling seeds to promote germination by breaking dormancy.
The ability of seeds to germinate.
The speed and the strength
of the plant to establish well.
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Colourful range of Yarrow in shades of Red, Rose, Pink, Yellow and White. Great for cut
Easy care everlasting flower for the summer picking garden. In colours of Rose, Rose Re
Popular White flowering ground cover for edging, filling gaps between pavers or growing
Chinese Spinach. The green leaves which are blotched with red have a flavour described
Unique Golden Brown upright Amaranthus brings a textural quality to the cutting garden.
A unique bicolour Amaranthus that produces gorgeous cascading tassels that are mottled
Exotic looking award winning (RHS) Amaranthus with erect dark Crimson plumes and stunni
The whole plant has a fragrant sweet smell. Grown usually for its seeds which are used
Mammoth Leaf. A large leaf variety of the excellent standard Genovese Basil strain. Not
An American Heirloom that produces beautiful dark red leaves even under low light condi
Long stems are of attractive cup-shaped, pale Green bells. Flowering time is late summe
A highly attractive wild flower with lacy White flowers like Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus
Ornamental annual grass with graceful paper lantern like flower heads that are White ti
Ornamental grass with soft fluffy White flower heads reminescent of bunny tails. Native
This is the favoured herbal old-fashioned single pot Marigold variety with only two or
Campanula persicifolia is one of the best of all perennial bell flowers. From the sprea
The uniform mound shaped plants form a complete blanket of colour, far brighter than an
Grown mainly for its seeds which add a licorice-like European character to recipes for
A small round Carrot that matures extra early. This 19th Century French Heirloom variet
Heirloom French Nantes style carrot renowned for its crisp juicy texture and being near
Well known for the way its leaves and blossoms, either dried or fresh, are relished by
An attractive lime green Cauliflower with very good flavour. It is a vigorous grower re
An attractive Pink plume Celosia with layered shades of soft Purply Pink that fade to b
Chinese stem lettuce primarily grown for its thick crisp stem and used sliced in stir f
Easily grown cottage garden favourite with honey scented soft thistle-like flowers in a
An upright annual, not a ground cover, like the Roman variety Chamaemelum nobile made f
French Parsley. One of the fine herbs of French cooking, it is grown for its subtle ani
Italian Heirloom. Fantastic, year round, upright growth which grazing animals, includin
Rossa trevigiana. A spectacular long slender-leaved variety that is green in the summer
Belgium Endive/Brussels Witloof (Flemish for 'white leaf'). This form of Chicory is gro
Breathtakingly hot chilli pepper with a hint of pineapple fruitiness and a crunchy text
Early ripening and prolific Jalapeno with an excellent flavour and spicy taste. Can be
Good performance of the broader leaf style of Chives makes this very suitable or proces
Chinese Chives, Gow Choy (Chinese) or Nira (Japanese). An attractive perennial closely
Chinese Tsai Shim / Choy Sum. Unlike normal varieties of pak-choi, the flowering stalks
A Chinese specialty known as Purple Stemmed Kailaan. Young plants produce numerous long
Clear Dark Red dwarf Coreopsis which flowers prolifically. The short flower stems are g
A slow bolting type with dark green foliage and good flavour. Might be of interest to o
An attractive cottage garden flower, once found extensively in corn fields, but now ext
Very similar to Watercress but much easier to grow. A Rosette of dark green, glossy, ro
Gherkins. Especially bred for pickling, these medium green cucumbers have solid crisp f
Compact bushy Cucumber vine that can be grown in containers, tubs or pots. Great for sm
A brilliant mixture of Pink, Red, Scarlet and White, clove scented flowers excellent fo
A good all round Dill with dark green foliage that's sweetly fragrant. Bred for growing
Plants have masses of bright Violet-Blue upturned bell-like flowers in clusters along b
Violetta di Firenze / Italian Lavender and White Eggplant. A beautiful and unusual Eggp
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